The First Capital of Modern Greece. Aegina picturesque has many archaeological monuments, boasting elegant neoclassical buildings, picturesque villages, and beautiful beaches, inspiring pistachio grove landscapes. It is also an island with glorious historical past, as it used to be one of the most important islands of ancient Greece; the sightseeing is one of the best things to do in Aegina. The most impressive archaeological site of the island is the Ancient Temple of Athena Aphaia, dating back to the 6th century BC. In addition, the monastery of Agios Nektarios is one of the most famous monasteries, a point of attraction for Orthodox Christians and not only, and it is one of the greatest Orthodox pilgrimages in the whole of Christendom.